Diwali word has been derived from Deepavali which in turn is formed by dipa + avali (row). Hence, Diwali (Deepavali) is a line or a row of lamps. During Diwali, lamps are lit everywhere. Diwali is celebrated on four consecutive days - the thirteenth day (Dhanatrayodashi), the fourteenth day (Narak chaturdashi) and the new moon day (amavasya) [Lakshmipujan] of the dark fortnight of Ashvin and the first day of the bright fortnight of Kartik (Balipratipada). Some exclude the thirteenth and consider only the remaining three days as Diwali. Since Vasubaras and Bhaubij respectively precede and follow Diwali, they are included in it. However in reality they are separate holy festivals.
This year various days of Diwali fall on :
1. Govatsa Dwadashi (Vasubaras) - 31 October 2013
2. Dhantrayodashi (Dhanteras) - 1 November 2013
3. Narak Chaturdashi - 2 November 2013
4. Lakshmipujan - 3 November 2013
5. Bali Pratipada - 4 November 2013
6. Bhaiduj (Yamadwitiya) - 5 November 2013
To know the importance of various days of Diwali, please click here
Spiritual meaning of Diwali : By killing the demon Narkasur, Shrikrushna freed people from an attitude of indulgence in worldly pleasures, jealousy, unrighteousness and negative attitudes, and made them happy by giving thoughts of God alone (or Divine thoughts), which is what Diwali is all about.
We have been celebrating Diwali year after year merely as a custom. Today, the festival has lost its true meaning. If after comprehending this hidden meaning our knowledge is kindled, then the ignorance in the form of darkness will reduce. Also, domination of people with tamasik tendencies (of enjoying worldly pleasures and indulging in unrighteous attitudes) over the righteous will reduce.
To know the Spiritual Science behind Diwali and how to celebrate it, please click here
1. Physical: Burns, deafness. Many people die in explosions in factories manufacturing fire-crackers. Sometimes, rocket-crackers set fire to huts, heap of dry grass etc.
2. Economic: Terrorists in Pakistan collect funds from people in the name of ‘Jihad’ (Religious War), saying they will purchase bullets to kill ‘Kafirs’ (non-believers). The cost of each bullet is Rs.10/-. With the situation so grim and also because the nation is on the brink of insolvency, it is a sin to burn crores of Rupees on bursting fire-crackers every year.
3. Spiritual: Devotional songs (Aarti) or sattvic sounds attract Divine energies and deities. But noise from crackers, full of ‘tama’ component, attract negative energies. This is what we are witnessing today in the country. The Tama-charged environment affects the human mind adversely and man becomes Tama-oriented. Hence we must impress the ill-effects of crackers upon the young minds and stop them from bursting crackers.
See Also: Resist busting Fire Crackers
Diwali : We perform worship of Shri Lakshmi on the day of Lakshmi-Poojan. At the same time crackers like the Lakshmi-bar, Krushna-bar, Vishnu-bar are burst. When these crackers are burst, pictures of deities are also torn to pieces. This is a rank denigration of our most revered deities.
Video Courtesy: Sanatan Sanstha