26th February : HJS salutes Veer Savarkar on his Death Anniversary
HJS has undertaken a campaign to get
Many brave freedom fighters and revolutionaries have sacrificed their life for the freedom of India. Amongst them, Swatantryaveer Savarkar's name will top the list. He has many accomplishments to his credit. The most memorable among them is his heroic jump into the sea off a ship called 'Moria', to escape the British colonial Authorities, to go to Marseilles. This jump became well-known in the whole world. This feat completed a century on 8th July 2010. The French Government has paid a tribute to this brave act by granting permission for the construction of Veer Savarkar's memorial in France; but our Indian Government has been delaying the matter for the past 11 years. A doubt, therefore, arises in the mind that we might be deprived of a historic memorial owing to the appalling apathy of the Indian Government. It is the duty of all of us nationalistic citizens of this country to see this memorial through to completion. Read details
Veer Savarkar: He wanted Hindus to be the most powerful in the world !
Swa. Savarkar was also a humanitarian like all Hindus. Only selfish and power-thirsty rulers and politicians can make false allegations against Savarkar that he was a supporter of casteism or communalism. Savarkar had advised Muslims with the same affection and warmth too. He advised them to let go of fanaticism and instead believe that the true caste is being human, the true religion being humanity, the true nation being the earth and the true king being God, the Almighty. He had advised Muslims to follow these principles and be sensible and be science orientated as per the changing times. In fact, nobody has advised Muslims in a better manner than Savarkar. As he, however, realized that despite such good advice, Muslims were not ready to accept India as their motherland, he advised Hindus to adopt a 'Tit for Tat' policy against Muslims and propagated this policy through his writings as well.
In the history of struggle for Indian independence, V.D. Savarkar's place is unique. He had a firm belief that only a strong, armed revolt by Indians would liberate India from the British. An extraordinary Hindu scholar (he is one who coined Indian words for the telephone, photography, the parliament, among others), a recklessly brave revolutionary (he tried to swim the sea waters and escape when captured by the enemy) and a fiercely patriotic leader, he uncovered the truth about the Sepoy Mutiny. His disagreements with Gandhi's non-violent methods and the pleasing Pakistan's efforts appealed to a large number of Hindus who were wronged by Pakistanis and this led to the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi by Nathuram Godse. - By Dr. Jyotsna Kamat
Savarkar could be called a born rebel. He organized a gang of kids, Vanarsena (Monkey Brigade) when he was just eleven. A fearless individual, he wanted everybody around him to become physically strong and be able to face any disasters-- natural or man-made. He conducted long tours, hiking, swimming and mountaineering around Nasik, his birthplace in Maharashtra. During his high school days, he used to organize Shivaji Utsav and Ganesh Utsav, started by Tilak (whom Savarkar considered as his Guru) and used these occasions to put up plays on nationalistic themes. He started writing poems, essays, plays, etc. to inspire people, which he had developed with a passion. Later he went to Pune for his college education and founded the "Abhinav Bharat Society". As a serious student of nationalism he found a bigger platform now; with growing youngsters, he bloomed as a leader as well. All political activities were banned by the ruling British then and he had to undertake all transactions, communications in secret and was expelled from hostel and at one point from the college as well. But since he managed to get the prestigious 'Shivaji scholarship' (named after Shivaji) to study law at London, the college authorities had to make way for his scholastic jousurney!
Savarkar greatly nurtured the idea of bringing out an authentic informative researched work on The Great Indian Revolt, which the British termed as the "Sepoy Mutiny" of 1857. Since the India Office Library was the only place which contained all records and documents, he was determined to undertake a detailed study, but was cautious enough not to make his intentions known. Hence after landing in London, he wrote a biography of Gieuseppe Mazzini, the great revolutionary and leader of modern Italy who inspired his countrymen to overthrow the Austrian Empire's yoke (Holy Roman Empire). Written in the Marathi language, the manuscript was smuggled out with great care which was published by his brother Baba. The book created a wave. 2000 copies sold out secretly and were read and reread. By a British estimate, each copy was read by at least 30 people. Some could verbally reproduce page after page ! His brother however was imprisoned for printing the book.
At London, Savarkar undertook the task, his mission in life, to create awareness regarding the first Armed National Revolt in India in 1857. Through friends, he could get access to all the much-needed first hand information regarding the men of this earlier countrywide effort. It was a sincere one on the part of the leaders, princes, soldiers and commoners to drive away the British, (though grossly misrepresented by British historians.) It was the first national effort towards getting political independence and he rightly called his book "The Indian War of Independence 1857".
He wrote in Marathi and could not get it printed in Europe. Though the manuscript found its way to India, due to British vigilance, all printing presses were raided and in the nick of time, the manuscript could be taken out, due to a friendly police officer's information, before seizure. However, when it went back to Europe, it unfortunately got lost.
But the English version became a necessity. Savarkar was helped in this venture by the other revolutionaries who had come to study Law and Civil Service. But printing it in Britain was out of the question, so also in France, as British and French spies were working together to face imperial Germany which was becoming a great threat.
Ultimately the book was published in Holland by Madam Cama without a cover or name. The cover pages of popular classics like "Don Quixote", "Oliver Twist", etc. were used for the book and it was successfully smuggled to India. One box with a false bottom was used to take books at great risk by a Muslim friend who later became the Chief Minister of Punjab ! The book reached the right people through secret sympathizers in Ireland, France, Russia, U.S.A., Egypt, Germany and Brazil as well.
While in London, Savarkar organized festivals like Rakshabandhan and Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti and tried to create awareness among Indian students.The slogan Savarkar coined for Indian festivals became a unifying factor.
"One Country. One God
One Caste, One Mind
Brothers all of us
It was during this period that Savarkar helped design the first Indian National Flag, which Madam Bhikaji Cama unfurled at the World Socialist Conference at Stuttgart, Germany.
The Scotland Yard Police's noose was tightening around Savarkar. Revolutionary activities in London, Mumbai, Pune, Nasik were traced to his provocation ! His speeches and articles smelt of sedition; his friends were traced as those learning about the preparation of bombs and transporting arms (pistols) illegally. Finally he was arrested and ordered to be sent back to India. In India, punishments were very harsh, tortuous and the greatest crime of the land was that of incitement to rebellion which could easily send one to the gallows. He was sent on a ship "Morena" which was to halt briefly at Marseilles. (1910)
Savarkar and his friends then attempted a brave escape which has since become legendary. Savarakar was to jump from a sailing ship, swim the sea waters and his friends were supposed to pick him up and lead him to freedom. Savarkar was under strict watch. There was no way out. With a constable waiting outside, he entered the toilet, broke the window, wriggled out somehow, and jumped into the ocean to swim his way to the Marseilles port. Alas! The rescue party was late by a few minutes and the French Police on guard returned the prisoner to the British cops, now chained and under stricter watch.
After a formal trial, Savarkar was charged with serious offences of illegal transportation of weapons, provocative speeches and sedition and was sentenced to 50 years' of jail and deported to the Blackwaters (kalapani) at Andaman's cellular jail.
Conditions in jail were inhuman with prisoners having to do the back-breaking job of stone breaking, rope making, and milling. Prisoners had to grind the copra in the mill, while being tied like oxen. Each had to extract 30 pounds of oil everyday. Some died of sheer exhaustion and the inhuman treatment of beating and whipping. The bad food, unsanitary conditions, a stone bed and cold weather in winter would take their toll.
Since political prisoners were treated like hardened criminals, they had no access to "luxuries" like a pen and paper. The poet in Savarkar was restless and uneasy. Finally he found a nail and wrote (etched) his epic "Kamala" consisting of thousands of lines on the plastered mud wall of his cell, in the darkness. A Hindi journalist friend who was taught Marathi by Savarkar came to his cell when Savarkar was removed all of a sudden and sent to another remote cell. The friend learnt the entire poem by heart and later when he was released, put it on paper and sent it to Savarkar's relatives.
After spending 16 years in the Andamans, Savarkar was transferred to a Ratnagiri jail and then kept under house arrest. He was reunited with his wife. (He had married before leaving for England and it was a long separation). A daughter and later a son were born.
Books, poems, and articles came out. But now he was known for his book on 1857 (The Indian War of Independence) throughout the world. Two generations of Indians were influenced by his magnum opus. The second edition was printed in the U.S.A. by Savarkar's revolutionary friends. The third edition was brought out by Bhagat Singh and its Punjabi and Urdu translations followed and were widely read in India and the Far East. Even in the Indian National Army of Subhash Chandra Bose, the Tamil translation of this work was read out like a Bible by the South Indian soldiers in Singapore, though nobody knows till today, who translated it into Tamil.
Savarkar stood by what he wrote till the last and never compromised with "adjustments," "reforms" and peaceful solutions which according to him meant nothing ! As a great scholar full of originality and independent standing, he coined several new technical terms of parliamentary usage and of Indian parlance such as chhayachitra (photography), Sansad (Senate), Vyangyachitra (Cartoons) etc.
He earnestly believed that Indian Independence was a reality not because of a few individuals, leaders or sections of society but that it was possible because of the participation of the common Indian citizen who prayed to his family deity everyday. However, he said, the youngsters who went to gallows to see their motherland free, were the greatest "Veeradhiveers".
Savarkar passed away in 1966, after being looped into the controversy regarding the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi by Nathuram Godse. The Hindu Mahasabha, an institution that Savarkar had helped grow, had opposed the creation of Pakistan, and took exception to Gandhi's continued Muslim appeasement stances. Nathuram Godse, a volunteer of the Hindu Mahasabha, assassinated Gandhi in 1948 and upheld his actions until his hanging.
Savarkar is revered in India today as the "Brave Savarkar" (Veer Savarkar), and is on the same level as Mahatma Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose, and Tilak. The intellectuals as well as the common man in India continue to debate what would have happened if the ideas of Savarkar were endorsed by the Nation, especially after freedom in 1947. A famous general is said to have quoted Savarkar after the Indians conceded land to the Chinese in a military conflict in 1962... Savarkar had advocated a militarily strong India.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar : A Great Freedom Fighter
And the most important is to start the spiritual practice to attain the blessings of God and Saints so as to have success in your mission.
Jay Hindu Rashtra!
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