Benefits of bathing during Kumbh Parva at Prayagraj 2019
Prayagraj, one of the three pilgrimage places of Kashi, Prayagraj and Gaya, is unique from religious perspective. Prayagraj is ‘Akshaya kshetra’. The entire world will be submerged in the massive floods during the Pralaya (Dissolution of the world); but not Prayagraj. Every 12 years and 6 years, Kumbha Mela is held at the Triveni Sangam of Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati in Prayag. This Kumbha Parva comprises three Parvakals (Auspicious
time) – Makar Sankranti, Maghi (Mouni) Amavasya and Vasant Panchami. The Maghi (Mouni) Amavasya is the principal Parva and is referred to as ‘Purnakumbha’. The Magha Pournima is also considered as a Parva (Auspicious) time. A Holy dip in the Ganga has special significance on the days of all the four Parvas.
The bathing of Saints and their disciples of the Akhadas on the prescribed days is called a Shahisnan. The Shahisnan of the Kumbha Mela begins at 4 a.m. For a Shahisnan, the Ascetics and Saints of the Akhadas take out a weapon-wielding procession which is fl anked by huge crowds. In the ancient times, it was inevitable for the Ascetics and Saints in Akhadas to kill while protecting Dharma. Since a bath in the Ganga washes away sins, the weapon-wielding Ascetics and Saints in the Akhadas were given preference for the Shahisnan. The tradition continues even today. The Shahisnan of the weaponwielding Ascetics and Saints is considered the biggest ritual in the Kumbha Mela. Until the Ascetics have their Shahisnan, the devotees do not bathe.
Significance described in Rugveda :
सितासिते सरिते यत्र सङ्गते तत्राप्लुतासो दिवमुत्पतन्ति ।
ये वै तन्वं विसृजन्ति धीरास्ते जनासो अमृतत्वं भजन्ते ॥
– Rugveda, Khilsukta
Meaning : He who bathes at the sangam (Confl uence) of Ganga and Yamuna Rivers attains Heaven, and courageous individuals who sacrifi ce their body in this confl uence attain Moksha (Final Liberation).
According to the Padmapurana, it is extremely rare to have the privilege of a Holy bath in Prayag in the month of
Magha. According to Agnipurana a Holy bath every day at Prayag is equivalent to the benefit obtained by donating millions of cows; according to the Brahmapurana it is equal to performing Ashwamedha Yadnya and according to Matsyapurana, it is equal to the pilgrimage to more than 100 crore shrines. Mahabharata says that Deity Brahma Himself was unable to describe the benefits obtained by donations and a Holy bath on Makarsankranti at Prayag.
Bathing, donating, chanting, performing rites during ‘Kumbha Parva’ begets infinite merits !
|14/15 January 2019 (Tuesday)||Makar Sankranti (1st Holy Bath)|
|21 January 2019 (Monday)||Paush Pournima (2nd Holy Bath)|
|04 February 2019 (Monday)||Mauni Amavasya (Main Holy Bath)|
|10 February 2019 (Sunday)||Basant Panchami (4th Holy Bath)|
|19 February 2019 (Tuesday)||Maghi Pournima (5th Holy Bath)|
|04 March 2019 (Monday)||Mahashivratri (6th Holy Bath)|