- 1. Vrat of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi
- 1.1 Authority to perform the vrat of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi
- 1.2 Importance of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi vrat
- 1.3 Reason for a new idol for worship on Shri Ganesh Chaturthi
- 1.4 Appropriate idol for worship on the day of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi
- 1.5 Decoration for Ganesh festival
- 1.6 Method of bringing home the idol of Shri Ganeshji
- 1.7 The science underlying placing the idol of Shri Ganeshji on unbroken rice grains
- 1.8 What should be the duration of ritualistic worship as per scriptures?
- 1.9 Ritual of the worship of the idol of Shri Ganesh
- 1.10 Importance of Modak in the ritualistic worship of Shri Ganeshji
- 1.11 Recitation of Shri Ganesh Atharvashirsha
- 1.12 The importance of chanting the Name of Shri Ganeshji during the period of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi
Shri Ganeshji is the bestower of intellect. Among the seven Kundalini chakras in the human body, the seat of Shri Ganeshji is in the Muladhar chakra. Shri Ganeshji is the bestower of happiness. He has the ability to destroy the negative energies in the Universe. Hence, He is also called the Destroyer of Distress (‘Dukhahaharta’). All the doubts are destroyed by His grace. With His grace, a person’s intellect becomes stable and the mind calm.
Many devotees perform the vrat of the benevolent Shri Ganeshji with the spiritual emotion of faith. The vrat that is performed on Shri Ganesh Chaturthi is also called ‘Siddhivinayak vrat’.
The vrat of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi should be performed by all the members of the family. If the finances and kitchens of family members are separate for some reason, Shri Ganesh Chaturthi vrat should be performed independently in the separate houses.
The tama-predominant Yam frequencies descend on Earth in higher proportion from the full moon day of the month of Ashadh to the full moon day of Kartik. Due to these frequencies the Jivas suffer physical, mental and spiritual distress.
A. Physical distress due to Yam frequencies
Illnesses associated with stomach
Body temperature remaining unstable
Increase in defects of the constitution like Kaph etc.
B. Mental distress due to Yam frequencies
Increase in laziness
Mind getting restless
Experiencing lethargy etc.
C. Spiritual distress due to Yam frequencies
Increasing attacks by negative energies
Creation of black covering on mind and intellect etc.
During the period from Bhadrapad Shukl ChaturthiAnant Chaturdashi to , the frequencies of Shri Ganesh Principle descend on Earth in higher proportion. This helps reduce the severity of the Yam frequencies. On the one and half day of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi in the month of Bhadrapad, the Ganesh Principle descending on Earth is one thousand times more than other days. The worship of Shri Ganesh during this period gives highest benefit of Shri Ganesh Principle.
There are two main reasons for bringing a new idol on the day of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi and later immersing it in flowing water.
It not being possible to worship with meticulous rituals the idol which is charged with high proportion of frequencies of Shri Ganesh Principle
By invoking the idol of Shri Ganeshji kept in the house temple, lot of spiritual energy is generated in the idol. It is not possible for all to do ritualistic worship meticulously of the idol which is charged with the frequencies of Shri Ganesh Principle with enthusiasm and Ganesh throughout the year.
An average person not being able to tolerate the frequencies of the Principle of Shri Ganesh for an extended period.
- The percentage of sattva, raja and tama guna in the vibrations of Shri Ganeshji’s Principle is 5:5:5 whereas the percentage of sattva, raja and tama in an average person is 1:3:5. For this reason it is not possible for an average person to tolerate the frequencies of the Principle of Shri Ganeshji.
When Shri Ganesh festival is approaching, various types of idols are seen in the market. However it is a matter of regret that most of the idols are made in an unscientific manner by the artists according to their own imaginations. Such idols do not bring much spiritual benefit to the worshipper. Hence, it is necessary to remember a few points while selecting an idol:
The idol should be made of soft clay.
It should be hand-made instead of from a mould.
The form and size of the idol should be as per the science of idols.
The idol should be sitting on a wooden seat.
Today in the decoration for Ganesh festival, glittering papers, thermocol, plastic and strings of electric bulbs are used. The raja-tama dominant and distressing frequencies in the atmosphere are attracted towards such objects.
From a spiritual viewpoint the Deity Principle is attracted in higher proportion towards a specific colour, fragrance, form etc. Such objects have the ability to store and emit the frequencies attracted by them. It is beneficial to use sattvik objects for attracting the Ganesh Principle. For example
Festoons made from natural flowers and leaves
Red-coloured flowers, Durva and leaves of Shami and Madar
The rangoli which attracts the frequencies of Shri Ganesh Principle
- The sattvik chant-strips of Shri Ganeshji.
The idol of Shri Ganeshji should be brought home one day in advance or in the morning of the day of Ganesh Chaturthi.
The other members of the family should also accompany the head of the house for bringing home the idol.
Necessary preparations with regard to the idol should be made before actually bringing it home.
While bringing the idol it is necessary for the person bringing the idol to wear a cap.
While bringing the idol of Shri Ganeshji it is placed on a wooden seat.
The idol is covered with a clean silk or cotton cloth.
While bringing the idol in the house the face of the idol should be towards the person who carries it.
While bringing the idol hail Shri Ganeshji on the way.
On reaching the door of the house, the face of the idol should be turned towards the house.
After this a married woman of the house should pour some water on the feet of the person carrying the idol.
Then she should pour some milk.
A lit lamp is then waved in front of the idol.
Thereafter one enters the house.
Before keeping the idol in the place of worship, some unbroken rice grains are kept on the place and the idol is then placed on it.
When the idol of Shri Ganeshji is worshipped, if stotras are recited and chanting is done with spiritual emotion, we get the benefit of the Principle of Shri Ganeshji.
When a Deity is invoked according to science and worshipped, the Principle of the Deity is attracted in the Deity’s idol. The idol is charged with this Deity’s Principle. This Principle of the Deity is stored in the idol and emitted in the surrounding atmosphere. As the idol is charged, the rice grains kept below the idol also get charged with the Deity’s Principle.
As the Deity’s vibrations are created in the rice kept below the idol, the vibrations of the Deity are also created in the rice stored in the house. After the concluding worship, these rice grains are mixed in the rice stored in the house. By keeping the idol of Shri Ganeshji on the rice, the devotees get the benefit of Ganesh Principle throughout the year in the form of Holy sacrament (prasad).
As per the scriptures, an idol of Shri Ganeshji should be made from mud on the fourth day (chaturthi) of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month of Bhadrapad. It should be placed on the left palm and consecrated with the Name Siddhivinayak. It should be ritualistically worshipped and immersed immediately thereafter.
Many people immerse the idol of Shri Ganesh along with Jyeshthagouri. According to one’s family tradition (kulachar), the Ganesh idol is worshipped for one and a half, five, seven or ten days. The Ganesh idol is immersed on the second, fifth, seventh or tenth day.
On the day of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi a new idol of Shri Ganesh is brought. Worship of the Shri Ganesh idol begins in the morning.
In the worship of the Shri Ganesh idol, first sipping of water from the palm (achaman), uttering the desh-kal and resolve (sankalp) are done.
Thereafter Sri Mahaganapati is invoked in a coconut or betel nut and worshipped.
Then the instruments of worship namely conch, bell, lamp etc. are worshipped and the idol of Shri Ganesh brought on the day of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi is consecrated (pranpratishtha).
Consecration of Shri Ganesh idol (pranpratishtha): One’s right hand is placed over the heart of the Shri Ganesh idol and mantra is recited. Consecration of an idol is done on Shri Ganesh Chaturthi or to activate any new idol. Through consecration the idol acquires Divinity. – After consecration the Shri Ganesh idol is worshipped with sixteen substances (Shodashopachar-puja).
In Shodashopachar-pujan water is sprinkled on the idol’s feet (padya), sandalwood mixed water is sprinkled on the idol (arghya) and then it is bathed with five nectars (a mixture of milk, honey, curd, clarified butter (ghee) and sugar) (panchamrutsnan). The idol is consecrated by sprinkling with water (abhishek) with flower or sacred grass (durva).
Cotton cloth is offered to Shri Ganeshji.
Sacred thread (yadnyopavit) is then offered.
Sandalwood paste is offered to Shri Ganeshji
Turmeric paste is offered to Shri Ganeshji
Vermilion (kumkum) is offered.
Unbroken rice (akshat) is then offered.
Garland of flowers is offered to Shri Ganeshji as per availability
Flowers are offered at the feet of the idol of Shri Ganeshji
Then unbroken rice or flowers are offered to each body part of the idol of Shri Ganesh from His head to feet accompanied by recitation of mantras.
Leaves of the Shami tree are offered.
Sacred grass (Durva) is offered to Shri Ganeshji. On the day of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi the Basil plant (Tulasi) acquires the ability to attract Shri Ganesh pavitraks or the subtle most part of Divine consciousness. Hence, Tulasi is offered along with leaves of the Shami tree and Durva to Shri Ganeshji on this day. Leaves of Bel, Badari (Bor), Datura (Dhotarâ), Madar etc. are offered.
Two lit incense sticks are waved followed by worship with a lit lamp.
Naivedya of Modak is offered and arati is waved. One should then pay obeisance and pray to Shri Ganeshji. After this at least eight parikramas of Shri Ganeshji is performed. At the end flowers are offered with mantras (Mantrapushpanjali) with spiritual emotion and obeisance paid to Shri Ganeshji to conclude the ritualistic worship.
Supreme God Principle (Parmeshwariya-tattva), high level God’s Chaitanya and a flow of Ganesh principle is attracted in the Modak. Their spiral is generated and it keeps moving in an activated form.
A spiral of Nirgun principle is generated in the Modak and it keeps moving in an activated form. Particles of vital energy in the form of Chaitanya spread in the void of the Modak.
A flow of bliss (Anand) fills in the Modak through its tip.
A. A spiral of this Anand keeps moving in the circular void of the Modak in an activated form.
B. Flows of Anand are emitted into the environment through this spiral.
C. Particles of Chaitanya in the form of Anand spread in the environment.
The proportion of sattva-guna is more in the steamed Modak while the proportion of raja-guna is more in the fried Modak.
Spiritual experience: A Modak being kept by a child seeker on the hand of Shri Ganeshji and teeth marks being seen on it the next day: In 2007, on Shri Ganesh Chaturthi, after offering naivedya of twenty one Modaks to Shri Ganeshji, a seeker’s son, Kaivalya was saying something. Due to the hastiness and noise nobody could understand what he was saying. His mother picked him up. He took a Modak from the naivedya and kept it on the hand of Shri Ganeshji. The idol of Ganeshji did not have Modak on His hands. The next day Kaivalya’s mother saw teeth marks on that Modak, as though Shri Ganeshji had consumed the Modak.
During the period of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi, some people recite the Shri Ganesh Atharvashirsha specific number of times. A protective sheath is created around the person reciting the Shri Ganesh Atharvashirsha from the heart and he is protected from the distress of negative energies.
1.12 The importance of chanting the Name of Shri Ganeshji during the period of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi
The Shri Ganesh principle is a thousand times more active during the period of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi. On this day the Shiva principle is also active. To benefit completely from these active principles, one should chant ‘Om Gang Ganpataye Namaha’ maximally during this period.
The prayer to be offered during the period of Shri Ganesh Chaturthi: O Shri Ganesh Deity, I am commencing the chanting of Your Name. You only get the chanting done through me with spiritual emotion, as is expected by You. Bestow upon me the capacity to absorb Your Chaitanya. Through this Chaitanya let a protective sheath be created all around me. You only give me the Energy (Shakti) for righteous conduct. I offer this prayer at Your Holy Feet.
Try to envisage the picture of Shri Ganeshji while praying. Consequently the prayer occurs with concentration. The chanting will definitely occur with spiritual emotion.