Why is a specific flower offered to a deity?


No puja ritual of a deity is complete without use of flowers. If we know such things as which flowers or leaves are to be offered to a particular deity, in what numbers and their spiritual benefits then we will get more benefit from puja ritual. So let us start with an important ingredient of puja articles namely flowers.

1. Importance of flowers in puja ritual

There are subtle frequencies of deities active in the atmosphere. These frequencies are attracted towards certain flowers. These frequencies are then emitted back into atmosphere and are then known as ‘pavitrak’. Before we come to the topic of spiritual benefits of offering flowers, let us first see the difference between frequencies and pavitraks.

  • The subtle principle of deities attracted to a flower from space is called frequencies while the same deity principle when gets emited into atmosphere is called as pavitrak.
  • The frequencies are subtle most and comparatively more unmanifest (nirgun) form of deity principle while a pavitrak is the subtle and manifest form of the same deity principle.

Let us now see the subtle drawing of a Hibiscus flower

Subtle drawing of Hibiscus flower

  • The Ganesh principle present in the universe gets attracted towards the central space of the red coloured Hibiscus flower and is emitted in the form of circles.
  • The Ganesh principle which is absorbed by the stem of the flower gets emitted through the petals in the atmosphere.
  • The stamen of the flower absorbs the Ganesh principle present in the atmosphere and emits the particles which donate vital energy or pranshakti.
  • The Hibiscus flower is of raja-sattva nature. As a result divine energy (shakti) and divine consciousness (chaitanya) are emitted from its petals.

Thus this subtle drawing must have made it clear to our viewers as to how the frequencies of deity principles are attracted towards flower and how through the medium of various parts of flower the same deity frequencies are emitted in the atmosphere in the form of pavitraks. Thus it is quite clear that the emission or projection of deity principles and pavitraks is a process taking place at a spiritual level. The effect of this process is multifold. One of this is reduction in the strengh of raja-tama principle present in the atmosphere.

The negative energies present in the atmosphere get distressed due to the deity principle pavitraks projected by the sattvik flowers. Their tama component dominated energy is either reduced or gets destroyed. In short the sattvik flowers fight with the negative energies present in the atmosphere by emitting frequencies of deity principles. Such flowers when brought into contact with a person suffering from the distress of negative energy then the negative energy which might be troubling the person subsides.

To understand this topic clearly we will have to first know the distinction between ‘Negative energy’ and ‘black  energy’. There are some distressing energies in the atmosphere which trouble us. They are subtle in nature. They are called ‘negative energies’. The energy of deities is known by the terms such as chaitanya (divine consciousness), bliss(ananda) and shanti (peace) while the energy of negative energies is known as ‘black  energy’. The deities are sattva predominant while the negative energies are tama predominant!

A deity looks after our welfare whereas negative energies does harms us. When a person is severely affected by the negative energy distress, his control over his mind, body and intellect reduces and that of negative energy increases. This affects the thoughts, emotions etc of the person. Such an affected person when come in contact with an atmosphere predominant in sattva component then there is friction between the positive sattva atmosphere and negative energy. This can manifest in various forms. This may be in the form of a simple thought of leaving the place.

2. Why is a specific flower offered to a deity?

Normally we have a concept that a deity is to be offered only that flower which he/she likes. But is it really so? Let us see the actual reason according to science of spirituality.

A flower has a particular colour and a special fragrance. On a subtle level the colour and fragrance particles present in the flower have a capacity to attract the principles of a specific deity which benefits the worshipper. That is the principle behind offering specific flowers to a deity and not because they like it.

To cite some examples white flower like that of Dhatura is offered to Shiva, red coloured flower like Hibiscus for Shri Ganesh, and red coloured flowers for Shri Durgadevi also. If the worshipper has more spiritual emotion for these flowers then the frequencies of deities get more activated through the medium of these flowers and work for the worshipper directly.

3. Why should one only offer fresh flowers to the deity?

According to religious scriptures on the science of spirituality, only proper and best objects should be offered to a deity and the flowers are no exception. Therefore the use of dried out flowers or those infested with insects are prohibited in the ritualistic worship of a deity. There are two reasons for this according to spiritual science:

  • Whatever we offer to a deity is accepted by the deity on a subtle level and then They get pleased and bless us. Therefore whatever we offer to Them has to be best.
  • The capacity of a flower to absorb and emit the frequencies of deity and sattvik frequencies gets reduced if it is dry or infested with insects.

Another important thing is that it is also prohibited to offer the flower which is already been offered (nirmalya) that is which has become stale. The basic science underlying this is that the flowers are used mainly for their colours rather than their fragrance. When the flowers become stale its colour changes. And as the colour changes the reception of frequencies of deity decreases and later stops. Therefore we have to offer fresh flowers to a deity on a daily basis after removing the flowers offered on the previous day. Besides this there are other prohibitions applicable to flowers to be offered to a deity.

  • We should not offer a flower which we have touched to the body, have handled with left hand or have taken smell of it.
  • We should not offer a flower which is without any fragrance or has very strong fragrance has fallen on the ground or on unclean surface.
  • A flower which is not bloomed up fully, or has its petals withered should not be offered.
  • It is not advisable to offer flower buds to deities as per spiritual science.
  • Flowers stolen from another’s house thus making them unhappy are not to be offered.
  • The flowers which are wrapped in the leaves of arka (rui or calatropis) or rend leaves should not be offered to a deity.
  • It is prohibited to offer flower which is dipped or washed in water.

Thus it is to be noticed that such flowers when offered may be actually harmful rather than being beneficial. Therefore it can be seen that an appropriate substance when offered in appropriate form as mentioned in the scriptures to a deity helps us to get more benefit of deity principles and it also leads to purification of the place of worship.

Up till now we have seen the prohibitions to the flowers being offered to a deity. Now let us see some exceptions to the prohibitions

  • Flower buds are not offered to a deity but lotus is an exception.
  • The flowers brought from the house of a gardener can not be called as stale.
  • Though we do not wash the flowers with water by dipping them but we can always sprinkle them with it.

4. Why it is not advisable to pluck buds after the sunset?

The life cycle of the living beings runs according to the cycle of nature. Taking this into consideration the right time for every thing in our life has been considered in Sanatan Hindu Dharma. Similarly there is definite time for plucking of flowers according to scriptures. Nowadays some people collect buds by plucking them on the previous evening. But this incorrect as per the science of spirituality. Now let us understand why it is not advisable to pluck buds after the sunset.

At Bramha muhurta the pavitraks of deities are projected on a large scale on to the earth. These pavitraks get attracted on a greater scale towards those flowers who have the capacity to attract pavitraks of particular deity. The sunlight causes the disintegration of raja-tama particles present in the atmosphere. Therefore the atmosphere before the sunset is more sattvik as compared to that after the sunset.

After the sunset the strength of the negative energies in the atmosphere increases which leads to increase in the distressing frequencies in the atmosphere. Therefore the buds are covered by raja-tama particles. Thus their capacity to attract the deity principle is reduced. Hence the buds should not be plucked after the sunset.

However there are some exceptions to this rule. For example there are some flowers whose buds start opening at the sunset itself like those of bela, chameli and rajanigandha etc. These buds eagerly wait for the Bramha muhurta. It is as if they are eager to surrender themselves at the feet of the deity. These flowers have more fragrance when compared to other flowers. That is why the deity principles get attracted towards these flowers in large amount.

Now let us see the important rules of plucking flowers.

  • Do not pluck the flowers without taking bath
  • Do not pluck flowers for puja ritual with your shoes on.
  • Express gratitude to the plant from which you are going to pluck the flowers.
  • While plucking flowers for puja ritual pray to the deity that the objective of offering the flowers for puja be fulfilled.
  • Pluck only that number of flowers as is necessary for the the puja ritual. Do the chanting of your favourite deity while plucking the flowers.

5. Which flowers should be offered to a particular deity?

Thus we have seen why a particular flower is offered to a particular deity, what is the appropriate time of plucking the flowers according to science of spirituality. The spiritual science has also shown us that a particular deity needs to be offered a particular flower in particular number. Let us understand this with the help of the points below.

  • Shri Durga devi should be offered either 1 or 9 Jasmine flowers
  • Shiva should be offered 10 flowers of Rajnigandha
  • Shri Ram should be offered 4 flowers of Jai.
  • Shri Hanuman should be offered 5 flowers of Chameli
  • Shri Krushna should be offered 3 flowers of Krushna Kamal.

Thus we have up till now learnt about flower which is an important ingredient of puja material. We hope that you will bring into practice whatever topics to which you are introduced today while performing puja ritual by keenly paying attention and thus derive spiritual benefit out of it.

For more information on this article read Sanatan’s publication ‘What is the importance of the substances used in Ritualistic worship?’.

Close-up: If you get any spiritual experiences by following the view points mentioned in this Satsang or if you have any queries about the topic presented here, please inform us. Our contact details are [email protected]

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