20th May : Death anniversary of Bipin Chandra Pal
- Introduction to the ‘Father of revolutionary thoughts’ in India
- Early Life of B C Pal
- B C Pal an ardent freedom fighter
- Pal’s fierce Journalism and oration
Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar (Lokmanya) Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal
He was one amongst the three famous patriots, known as the trilogy of Lal Bal Pal. The other two were Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He was one of the main architects of the Swadeshi movement. He stood against the partition of Bengal. The trio stood for the ideal of Swaraj or complete political freedom to be achieved through courage, self-help and self-sacrifice. The three of them were responsible for initiating the first popular upsurge against British colonial policy in the 1905 partition of Bengal, before the advent of Gandhi into Indian politics. They advocated extremist means like boycotting British manufactured goods, burning Western clothes made in the mills of Manchester and strikes and lockouts of British owned businesses and industrial concerns to get their message across to the British. He was imprisoned for six months on the grounds of his refusal to give evidence against Sri Aurobindo in the Bande Mataram sedition case.
Bipin Chandra Pal
A journalist himself, Pal used his profession in spreading patriotic feelings and social awareness. . He had also published a lot of journals, weekly and books to spread nationalism and the idea of Swaraj. Most prominent books of Pal include Indian Nationalism, Nationality and Empire, Swaraj and the Present Situation, The Basis of Social Reform, The Soul of India, The New Spirit and Studies in Hinduism. He was the editor of the 'Democrat', the 'Independent' and many other journals and newspapers.”Paridarsak” (1886-Bengali weekly), “New India”: (1902-English weekly) and “Bande Mataram” (1906-Bengali daily) and “Swaraj” are some of the journals started by him.
He was among the first to criticize Gandhi or the 'Gandhi cult' since it `sought to replace the present government by no government or by the priestly autocracy of the Mahatma. Pal opposed Gandhiji's non-cooperation Movement of 1920. His criticism of Gandhi was persistent beginning with Gandhi's arrival in India and open in 1921 session of the Indian National Congress where he delivered in his presidential speech a severe criticism of Gandhi's ideas as based on magic rather than logic. Pal virtually retired from politics from 1920 though he expressed his views on national questions till his death. He expired on 20th may 1932 leaving behind a remarkable feeling of free India and India had then lost its ardent freedom fighter !