Introduction: Meaning and Spiritual significance
The word Diwali is made of two words; deep (lamp or diyas) & avali (row), which means a line or a row of lamps. During the festival of Diwali lamps are lit in every home, office, etc. that is why this festival is also known as the ‘Festival of Lights’. Diwali is also called as Deepavali.
Diwali is celebrated on four consecutive days – the thirteenth day (Dhanatrayodashi), the fourteenth day (Narak chaturdashi) and the new moon day (amavasya) [Lakshmipujan] of the dark fortnight of Ashvin and the first day of the bright fortnight of Kartik (Balipratipada). Some exclude the thirteenth and consider only the remaining three days as Diwali. Since Vasubaras and Bhaubij respectively precede and follow Diwali, they are included in it. However in reality they are separate holy festivals.
During the four months preceding Diwali (festival of lights), the Absolute fire principle (Tej tattva) is almost absent in the atmosphere. Due to this, the Demons (in the earlier Eras) used to dominate and trouble the people. In order to effectively counter the threats from Demons, Diwali, a worship based on the Absolute fire principle was celebrated. In other words, Diwali stands for the destruction of the distressing elements that dominate the environment. Every day of Diwali represents the conquest of good over evil, piousness over immorality and virtue over vice.
Click on image to send greeting. Select your greeting from below.
1. Greetings on the occasion of religious festivals like Diwali should be sattvik so that people who receive it derive its spiritual benefits.
2. Greetings should never have denigrating images of Deities, Saints, Nation and freedom fighters. Otherwise it incurs sins.
3. When postal greetings with pictures of Deities or Saints are received, kindly do not throw it in rubbish, instead cut the pictures and immerse them in flowing river water. It will prevent any denigration of the Deity.
“Shrīkrushna liberated the troubled masses from immorality, greed and bad tendencies by slaying the demon Narakasur, who was an icon of demonic attitude. Diwali symbolises this conquest of Divine thoughts over evil tendencies. Today, unfortunately, Diwali is celebrated just as a cultural festival, without an understanding of its spiritual context.
However, if people learn, appreciate and understand this spiritual context then all the ills in society; caused by spiritual ignorance, carnal and bad tendencies would reduce and even the dominance of immoral people over the pious masses will subside.
Therefore, igniting the flame of one’s soul with spiritual passion, by reducing all worldly attachments can be known as true “Diwali.” The increased power of piousness will lend happiness to everyone. This is possible by sacrificing our carnal pleasures without any expectations. The Upanishads have advised to seek pleasure in the reduction of that very pleasure itself!
O God, through this Diwali, please light the bright flame of doing every action without any expectations in our hearts. We have surrendered ourselves unto you completely. Please give us the spiritually pure (Sattvik) intellect (sadbuddhi) and strength to spread these noble thoughts to everyone so that we can become like a single earthen lamp that ignites multiple lamps around it. Through this we would be graced to celebrate ‘Diwali’ in its truest purpose and spirit. I wish everybody a Blissful Diwali!”
– H.H. Pande Maharaj
This year various days of Diwali fall on :
1. Govatsa Dwadashi (Vasubaras) – 20 October 2014
2. Dhantrayodashi (Dhanteras) – 21 October 2014
3. Narak Chaturdashi – 22 October 2014
4. Lakshmipujan – 23 October 2014
5. Bali Pratipada – 24 October 2014
6. Bhaiduj (Yamadwitiya) – 25 October 2014
When is Diwali celebrated?
All Hindu Dharma festivals are celebrated according to the Hindu lunar calendar. Diwali is celebrated on four consecutive days – the thirteenth, the fourteenth and the new moon day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Ashwin and the first day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Kārtik. These four days usually fall in the English calendar month of October or November or both.
1st Day of Diwali, Dhanatrayodashī (or Dhanteras): It falls on the 13th day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Ashwin. Dhanteras is very important for people who do business as they worship their treasuries on this day, and Ayurvedic doctors (vaidyas) who worship Deity Dhanvantari on this day.
2nd Day of Diwali, Narakchaturdashī: It falls on the 14th day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Ashwin. This day has been celebrated ever since Shrīkrushna slayed the evil demon Narakasur.
3rd Day of Diwali, Lakshmipūjan: It falls on the new moon day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Ashwin. On this day, rituals worshipping Goddess Lakshmī (the Goddess of Wealth) are undertaken to drive off poverty (Alakshmi).
4th Day of Diwali, Balipratipadā: It falls on the 1st day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Kārtik. It is celebrated to symbolise Deity Vishnu’s conquest over the demon king, Bali.
In addition to the above days, following festivals are also included as a part of Diwali –
Vasubaras (a celebration held in the honour of cows): It falls on the 12th day of the dark fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Ashwin. This is celebrated on one day before the 1st day of Diwali. On this day, cow is worshipped along with her calf.
Bhaubij or bhaidooj or Yamadwitiya (also called as bhai duj): It is celebrated on the 2nd day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Kārtik and comes after the 4th day of Diwali. This festival is celebrated as a symbol of Divine bond of love between brother and sister. On this day, Shrīkrushna slayed the evil demon Shakatasur and liberated many women from the demon’s clutches.
However, in reality, the above two festivals are not part of Diwali (Festival of lights); but altogether different Holy festivals.
Articles related to Diwali
Rangoli is an art which precedes sculpture and painting. It is both an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any religious ritual. It is a practice to draw Rangoli at the site of any auspicious religious ritual such as a holy festival, a religious festival, an auspicious function, ritualistic worship, a vowed religious observance, etc. In the ancient times it was a practice to sweep and sprinkle every doorstep with cowdung everyday and draw Rangoli.Read More »
An Exemplary act – Devout Hindu shopkeepers from Sangli, Maharashtra are not lighting firecrackers for the last 10 years Festival of Diwali is joyous because everyone looks forward to its celebrations. During Diwali, we meet our family, relatives, cousins, friends, etc. and exchange best wishes, tasty food items, clothes, etc. This festival is very important because we […]Read More »
The ritual of Yamatarpan has been recommended to avert untimely death. In this ritual tarpan is performed after reciting the following fourteen Names: 1. Yama, 2. Dharmaraja, 3. Mrutyu, 4. Antaka, 5. Vaivasvat, 6. Kala, 7. Sarvabhutakshayakara, 8. Audumbara, 9. Dadhna, 10. Nil, 11. Parameshthina, 12. Vrukodara, 13. Chitra, 14. Chitragupta.Read More »
In order to save from the consequent harm, before Dipavali, the vrat of Govatsa Dwadashi has been recommended. The person worshipping a cow gets the benefit of the frequencies of Sri Vishnu.Read More »
Dhanteras is very important for business men, who worship their treasuries on this day. According to the Ayurveda, the birthday of the Deity Dhanvantari falls on this day. Also to prevent untimely death, on Dhanatrayodashi, in the evening, thirteen oil lamps made of wheat flour are lit.Read More »
A powerful demon called Bhoumasur or Narkasur formerly ruled a place named Pragjyotishpur. He began harassing both Deities and the people. When Shrikrushṇa heard about this, He attacked the demon, slayed him and set the princesses free.Read More »
This day ‘Laxmi-panchayatan’ enters the Universe. On this day, worship of Goddess Lakshmī is done with the spiritual emotion (bhav) that She has provided us the wealth and in future too, She will give us the necessary wealth. In addition, Deity Kuber (treasurer of wealth) is also worshipped.Read More »
Balipratipada falls on the 1st day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Kartik. It is celebrated to symbolise Deity Vishnu’s conquest over the demon king, Bali.In a year, there are three and a half auspicious moments (muhurt); among them, Balipratipada is the half auspicious moments.Read More »
Bhai dooj or Yamadwitiya is celebrated on the 2nd day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Kartik. This festival is celebrated as a symbol of Divine bond of love between brother and sister. On this day, Deity Yama (Deity of Death) visited His sister, Yamuna for a meal. Hence the day has acquired the name Yamadwitiya.Read More »
Tulsi Vivah ritual may be performed on any day from Kartik Shukla Dwadashi (Twelfth day of the bright fortnight of the month of Kartik) till Pournima (full moon of Kartik). This ritual consists of uniting Shri Vishnu [an Idol of Balkrushna (Baby Shrikrushna)] and the Tulsi (Basil plant) in wedlock.Read More »
Margashirsh Shukla Pratipada (First day of the bright fortnight of Margashirsh) is celebrated as Dev-Diwali. Besides the Kuldev (male family Deity), Kuldevi (female family Deity) and Ishtadevta (benevolent Deity), other Deities also need to be worshipped on some day during the year and naivedya be offered to them, which is done on this day.Read More »
Diwali is one of the important Hindu festivals, which comprises of four consecutive days of celebrations. This article will guide on how to celebrate Diwali in a spiritually correct way to be able to experience the joy of this Diwali by celebrating it in a spiritually correct way, deriving maximum benefit of the Divine Consciousness (Chaitanya).Read More »
Every day of Diwali represents the conquest of good over evil, piousness over immorality and virtue over vice. In this article, let us try to understand the spiritual science underlying the rituals performed during Diwali. This article also answers the frequently asked Questions about Diwali.Read More »
Bathing is a very important daily activity of our life. We all feel very fresh after having a bath. However, do you know that the abhyangasnan is spiritually more beneficial than the ordinary bath? Abhyangasnan is getting up early in the morning, before sunrise, applying oil to the whole body and massaging till it is absorbed in the skin and then taking warm water bath / shower.Read More »
On Dhanatrayodashi the tama-dominant Energy frequencies and tama-dominant frequencies of Water Principle are active in higher proportion. The lamp made of wheat flour has the ability to pacify these frequencies.Read More »
Normally Amavasya is considered inauspicious, but the Amavasya that comes in the Dipavali period is as benevolent and prosperity-bestowing. On Dipavali Amavasya Shri Lakshmi arrives in the house of gentlemen at midnight. The worshiper benefits spiritually from vibrations of Energy and Chaitanya generated through the worship of Shri Lakshmi.Read More »
On Yamadwitiya, sisters do aukshan of Yama in the form of brother and invoke Him. They felicitate Him appropriately and pray to him to restrict the frequencies of Yama moving on Earth and the unsatiated subtle bodies from Pitruloka. With this the family members are protected from the Yama frequencies and atmosphere of the premise is purified.Read More »